What are the principles, concepts and theories of justice in Islam? What is the meaning of the ideas of law, justice and justice in the Holy Quran? What did the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) say about justice, justice and justice?
Read this article to the end to learn more about the idea of fairness and justice in Islam.
- Justice in Islam: Quotations from the Holy Quran
- Allah is the personification of justice.
- God does not want humanity to be wronged
- judge man with justice
- Don't take life except for justice and law.
- Justice and equity in business
- Allah will judge with justice and truth
- God commands justice
- Stand firm in justice
- Do not make mistakes and injustices.
- Don't leave the judiciary out of hate for someone
- Judge fairly and justly
- A fair and just legal system
- do not judge in anger
- Political Justice: Freeing the Captives
- Establish justice among the people.
- Those who die for justice are martyrs
- Injustice hastens punishment
- Justice for the poor and marginalized
- Holy Quran: a criterion of justice
The ideas of justice and fairness are mentioned in many legal systems throughout the world today, and are often its basic tenets. Political-legal institutions seek their legitimacy through the claim of equity.
The great liberal philosopher John Rawls also suggested that an institution is legitimate when it is just. In his words: "Justice is the first virtue of institutions as truth is of systems of thought.„
In a world historically plagued by injustice and inequality, the idea of justice, fairness, and fairness is certainly desirable and desirable.
Also in the area of religions, Islam places great value on fairness and fairness. So much so that the Holy Quran repeatedly warns humanity about it.LowHe will not forgive those who make mistakes and do evil.
Verily, those who do not believe and commit mistakes or injustice, Allah will never forgive them or guide them to any path..Al-Quran 4:168
Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) once said that the best jihad is on the way.Lowit is to speak a word of justice to an unjust ruler.
Narrated Abu Sa'id al-Khudri: The Prophet (ﷺ) said: The best fight (jihad) in the way of Allah is (to speak) a word of justice against an oppressive ruler.Abi Dawud's name
On this page we have collected some Qur'anic verses and prophetic traditions that emphasize the idea of fairness and justice in Islam. Hopefully these verses will clear up the misconceptions of those who think that Islam is devoid of justice and fairness.
Justice in Islam: Quotations from the Holy Quran
The Holy Qur'an repeatedly exhorts people to do justice and refrain from injustice. In many of his verses he predicts thisLowhe is fair and that he loves and expects justice from people.
Allah is the personification of justice.
Al-Quran 4:40Allah/God is never unfair in the slightest - if there is something good, He will double it and give great reward from His presence..
God does not want humanity to be wronged
Al-Quran 3:108-109-These are the revelations of God; We recite them to you with all truth.God does not wish evil for humanity.His is all that the heavens and the earth contain. All things will return to God.
Al-Quran 4:49Have you not turned your gaze to those who claim to be holy? No, but Allah sanctifies whomever He wills.But they will never fail to get justice in the smallest matter..
judge man with justice
Al-Quran 4:48Allah commands you to return your funds to those to whom they are owed;And when you judge between people, judge with justice:Truly how excellent is the teaching he gives you! Because Allah is the One who hears and sees all things.
Don't take life except for justice and law.
As a general rule, Islam forbids taking the life and liberty of another person except by justice and law.
The Holy Quran warns humanity that killing even one innocent person is equivalent to killing all of humanity and saving a single innocent life is equivalent to saving all of humanity.
Al-Quran 5:32For this reason: We have commanded the Children of Israel that if any [of you] kill one person - unless it is murder or to spread evil in the land - it would be as if [you] killed all the people: and if he saved one life, it would be like saving the lives of all people. Even after that, although Our Messengers reached them with clear signs, many of them continued to riot in the country..
The only exceptions to the sanctity of life in Islam, therefore, are murder and corruption. Corruption here means a large-scale disturbance of public peace, law and order, resulting in the loss of many innocent lives and property.
In this case, if the rebel is captured, his life and freedom can be taken after a fair trial.
But even in these cases, an individual or state cannot simply take the defendant's life.
Such deprivation of life or personal liberty must be compatible with due legal process, after having considered all the facts and circumstances.
In other words, you must meet the requirements of the judiciary and the law.
Al-Quran 6:151…do not take a life that Allah has sanctified except by justice and law: so He commandsso that you learn wisdom.
In addition, the accused must have every opportunity to be heard, that is, to present his case before an impartial tribunal.
In other words, it must be a substantive proceeding and not just a procedural one.
Furthermore, Islamic law does not require that this process always end with the execution of the murderer, even if proven guilty.
Read more|Islam on suicide, murder and justice
Justice and equity in business
Al-Quran 6:152 And do not go near the orphan's property except to improve it until he gets it.the age of full strength;give measure and weight with (full) justice;–We do not impose a burden on any soul, except the one who can bear it.;- every time you speak, speak fairly, even if it is a close relative; and keep the covenant of Allah, He commands you to remember.
Allah will judge with justice and truth
Al-Quran 40:20And Allah will judge with (just and) truth:but those who invoke (people) other than Him (will not) be able to judge at all. Verily, it is Allah (alone) Who hears and sees (all things).
God commands justice
Al-Quran 16:90Allah commands justice, doing good and generosity.to friends and relatives andHe forbids all shameful actions, injustice, and rebellion.: Orders you to receive a warning.
Stand firm in justice
Al-Quran 4:135oh you who believedStand firm in righteousness, witnesses of Allah, even if it is against yourself or against your parents and relatives. Rich or poor, Allah is worth more than both. Therefore, do not follow personal inclination to not be fair.And if you distort [your testimony] or refuse to give it, then indeed, Allah is always expert in what you are doing..
Do not make mistakes and injustices.
Verily, those who do not believe and commit mistakes or injustice, Allah will never forgive them or guide them to any path..(Holy Quran 4:168)
And how many cities have we destroyed that were insolent in their way of life,and these are their abodes, which were inhabited shortly after them. And we are the heirs. Your Lord was not alone in destroying a population, until he sent a messenger to his center to teach them Our Signs;nor will we destroy a population unless its members do evil.(Holy Quran 28:58-59)
Indeed, those who deny the signs of Allah, unjustly kill the prophets and kill people who uphold justice, bring them good news of painful punishment. (Holy Quran 3:21)
Don't leave the judiciary out of hate for someone
Al-Quran 5.8-Oh you, what do you think?Stand firm before Allah as a witness to fair dealing and do not let the hatred of others lead you to stray towards evil and stray from justice. Be just: this is in addition to piety:and fear God. Because Allah is familiar with whatever you do..
There is no fault in those who administer justice after having been wronged. (Holy Quran 42:41)
Judge fairly and justly
Al-Quran 5:42-They like to listen to lies, they devour everything that is forbidden. If they come to you, judge between them or refuse to intervene. If you refuse, they can't hurt you one bit.If you judge, then judge fairly between them. Because Allah loves those who judge justly.
Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) frequently exhorted his people to establish justice and ensure that they act fairly and impartially, as can be seen from the hadiths quoted below.
A fair and just legal system
The Prophet (peace be upon him) strove to establish a just and impartial legal system in the tribal society in which he lived. He said that many ancient civilizations were destroyedLowbecause before they imposed legal penalties on the poor and pardoned the rich.
He also used to say that the justice judges will sit next to God in the pulpits of light on Judgment Day.
Sahih al-Bukhari Volume 8, Book 81, Number 778: Narrated by Aisha (r)-“Usama approached the Prophet on behalf of a woman (who had committed robbery). the prophet said“People before you were destroyed because they imposed legal punishments on the poor and spared the rich.By Him in Whose hands is my soul! If Fatima (the Prophet's daughter) did that (i.e., stole from her), she would cut off his hand."
Sahih Muslim 1827 It was written on the authority of 'Abdullah b. ‘Umar, the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: Look! the dispensers of justice will sit in the pulpits of light next to God, at the right hand of the Merciful, Exalted and Glorious. Each side of the self is the right side, both are equally meritorious. (The bailiffs are) those who exercise justice in their rules, in matters that affect their families, and in everything they undertake.
do not judge in anger
Islam not only places great emphasis on the aspect of justice and fairness in the judicial process, but also extensively mentions and warns about the time and circumstances of the judiciary. For example, Islamic law prohibits judges from making decisions when they are angry or upset.
Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol. 9, Book 89, Hadith 272: Narrated 'Abdur Rahman bin Abi Bakra: Abu Bakra wrote to his son who was in Sijistan: 'Do not judge between two people when you are angry, as I heard the Prophet (sws) say, "A judge should not judge between two people while he is angry.„
Social and Economic Justice: Usury is prohibited
Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 60, Number 67: Narrated by Ibn Abbas:The last verse (in the Qur'an) revealed to the Prophet was the verse dealing with usury (ie Riba)..
Political Justice: Freeing the Captives
Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 7, Book 65, Number 286: Narrated by Abu Musa Al-Ash'ari: The Prophet said: “ButEssenthe hungry, visit the sick and free (free) the captives (pay their ransom).„
Establish justice among the people.
Sahih Bukhari, Volume 3, Book 49, Number 870: Narrated by Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said:A sadaqa must be given for every joint in the human body, and for each day the sun rises there is a reward of a sadaqa (ie charitable donation) for one who establishes justice between people.”
Those who die for justice are martyrs
Sunan an-Nasa'i 4096 It was narrated that Abu Ja'far said: He was sitting with Suwaid bin Muqarrin and said: The Messenger of Allah [SAW] said: Whoever is killed to face injustice to defend it, he is a martyr." .
Injustice hastens punishment
Sunan Ibn Majah 4211 It was narrated from Abu Bakrah that Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) said: “There is no sin that Allah deserves more to hasten punishment in this world than what He has in store for him in the Hereafter is – such as injustice and the breaking of kinship ties”.
Justice for the poor and marginalized
Like progressive and regressive tax structures, the judicial system can be both progressive and regressive.
Justice is progressive when it favors the poor, not the rich, in terms of postponement or penalties. It is regressive when it favors the rich over the poor.
The Brahmin legal system of ancient India, in which punishment was determined by the caste status of the defendant, was regressive in that it punished poor and lower castes more harshly for the same offense compared to lower castes. superiors.
For example to KautilyaArthshashtra, "AKshatriya (hereditary upper-class warrior), adultery with an unprotected Brahmin woman (wife of ahereditary priest) will be punished with the highest penalty; a Vaisya (hereditary merchant) who does the same will be deprived of all his property, anda Shúdra (hereditary low caste man)they are wrapped in mats and burned alive“.
Prophet Muhammad (s) condemned legal systems that favored the elite over the poor.
Narrated `Aisha: Usama approached the Prophet (ﷺ) on behalf of a woman (who had committed theft). The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “The people before you were destroyed because they imposed legal punishments on the poor and spared the rich. By Him in Whose hands is my soul! If Fatima (the daughter of the Prophet (ﷺ)) did that (ie she stole), she would cut off his hand.”Sahih al-Bujari 6787
Holy Quran: a criterion of justice
Verily We send Our Messengers with clear proofs, and with them We send the Scriptures and the "Scales of Justice" so that people do justice. And We sent the iron with the great power of it, benefit for humanity and means for Allah, to show who is willing to defend Him and the messengers of him without seeing him. Verily Allah is Almighty, Almighty. (Holy Quran 57:25)
It was Allah who revealed the Book with the truth and the balance of "righteousness". You never know, maybe the time is near. (Holy Quran 42:17)
The word of your Lord was fulfilled in truth and justice. No one can change his words. And He is the one who hears everything, the one who knows everything. (Holy Quran 6:115)
I trust in Allah, my Lord and your Lord. There is no living being that is not completely under its control. Verily, the way of my Lord is perfect justice. (Holy Quran 11:56)
Teachings: 'Stand up firmly for justice, as a witness to God, even as against yourselves or your parents or your kin, and whether it be against rich or poor. ' Surah 4:135 Meaning justice is for all. Everyone should put justice first, even before their family.What is an inspirational quote from Hadith? ›
“When you see a person who has been given more than you in money and beauty, then look to those who have been given less.” “Whoever treads a path seeking knowledge, Allah will make easy for him the path to Paradise." Trust: Trust in God – but tie your camel first.”What is justice according to Islam? ›
Justice required by Islam is an entire justice without having regard to the differences in colour, sect and creed, its foundation lies in the command of Allah swt. Undoubtedly, Allah swt is the Most Just of all judges. He is the Most Knowing, enjoining us to forbid any form of justice.Why is justice important in Islam? ›
As God is just, justice must be of the highest importance for all Muslims. Muslims believe that it is part of their role as vicegerents of God's creation to behave justly to other people and to ensure that the world is run in a fair way.How does Allah do justice? ›
Allah is All-Watchful, observe everything, and will hold a person accountable for an inch of injustice if happened. In other words, you cannot do injustice even when you are dealing with the enemy. The Prophet (SAW) asked to be just and kind.What is the most powerful verse in the Quran Why did you say so? ›
Ayat al-Kursi is regarded as the greatest verse of Quran according to hadith. The verse is regarded as one of the most powerful in the Quran because when it is recited, the greatness of God is believed to be confirmed.What is an inspiring quote from the Quran? ›
“Do not lose heart or despair- if you are true believers you have the upper hand-” [Quran 3:139]. Based on this inspirational Islamic quote, Allah the Merciful Promises us that we will indeed be among the superior if we are patient with the trials and tribulations that befall upon us.What does hadith 15 talk about? ›
Hadith # 15
"Let him who believes in Allah and the Last Day either speak good or keep silent, and let him who believes in Allah and the Last Day be generous to his neighbour, and let him who believes in Allah and the Last Day be generous to his guest."
“Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Universe”
Quran starts with the Ayah, which means Praise to be to Allah (who is most merciful), the lord of the universe. This Ayah is the part of the Surah Fatiha, the most important Surah of the Quran.
There are three forms of justice that impacts how people perceive justness: distributive justice, procedural justice, and interactional justice.
This article points out that there are four different types of justice: distributive (determining who gets what), procedural (determining how fairly people are treated), retributive (based on punishment for wrong-doing) and restorative (which tries to restore relationships to "rightness.") All four of these are ...What are examples of justice? ›
Justice is public, collective actions. Examples of charity: homeless shelters, food shelves, clothing drives, emergency services. Examples of justice: legislative advocacy, changing policies and practices, political action.What are 3 things that Muslims believe about justice? ›
The right to have a fair trial. The right to be free. The right to freedom of thought – no one can be punished for their ideas and beliefs. The right to freedom of expression – this means people can say what they think, but only if they do not break other human right laws e.g. religious tolerance.How is justice established in Islam? ›
The Quran's concept of justice begins with the creation of the world; “... and He has set up the balance (of Justice)” (55:7). The idea of balance, indeed, is woven within the entire Islamic code of life, wherein Muslims are required to live, worship and act in a balanced way.What is Allah's name for justice? ›
As a Name of Allah
In Islamic belief "Al-Hakam" is the One who always delivers justice, in every situation, to everyone. Nothing happens in creation except by His authority and decree. Al-Hakam never wrongs anyone and is never oppressive.
Adalat (divine justice)
The Qur'an teaches that God will not burden anyone with more than they can bear because he is fair to everyone (Surah 23:62). Muslims believe that there will be a Day of Judgement , where they will prove their faith and take responsibility for their actions on Earth.
We know from the Qur'an that when we remember Allah in good times, Allah will help us in tough times. We learn that lesson from the story of Prophet Yunus (peace be upon him) when he was swallowed by a whale.Which Quran verse is best for protection? ›
The Verse of Evil Eye (Arabic: آیه وَإِن يَكَادُ) is verse 51 and 52 of Al-Qalam (Q68:51-52) in the Quran. It is usually recited for protection from the evil eye.What is the most important statement in Islam? ›
The belief that "There is no god but God, and Muhammad is the Messenger of God" is central to Islam. This phrase, written in Arabic, is often prominently featured in architecture and a range of objects, including the Qur'an, Islam's holy book of divine revelations.What is Muhammad's famous quote? ›
“Whoever believes in one God and the hereafter, should speak what is good or remain silent.” The Messenger of God (peace be upon him) said: “Truly God instructs me to be humble and lowly and not proud, and no one should oppress others.”
Some of the best Islamic quotes are obtained from verses of Quraan. Allah (The Almighty) tests the faith and patience of the believer through hardship. In Quran 67:2, he said: “Allah is He who created death and life to test you as to which of you is best in deed.”What is the quote from the Prophet? ›
“If he is indeed wise he does not bid you enter the house of his wisdom, but rather leads you to the threshold of your own mind.”What hadith 17? ›
Excellence. On the authority of Abu Y'alaa Shaddad ibn Aws (may Allah be pleased with him) from the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) who said: “Verily, Allah has prescribed excellence in all things. Thus, if you kill, kill in a good manner.What is the lesson of hadith 22? ›
22nd Hadith - Entering Paradise (Muslim: 15)
Imam Nawawi said that the meaning of “treat the forbidden as prohibited” is to avoid the forbidden, and the meaning of to “treat the lawful as permissible” is to perform them believing that they are permissible.
The 18th Ḥadīth as a Strategy for Change in Nigeria
The implication of utilizing the 18th Ḥadīth is that a person who fears God when he or she is with others as well as when he or she is all alone can better serve the people and the country better.
Ayat Al-Kursi, regarded to be the most powerful verse in the Quran, has been allocated many benefits, including but not limited to: Reciting Ayat Al-Kursi as part of our adhkar (supplications) that follow the daily obligatory prayer is said to guarantee protection from the wrath of the Jinn (evil entities).What is the biggest miracle in Quran? ›
Quran - The revelation of the Quran is considered by Muslims to be Muhammad's greatest miracle and a miracle for all times, unlike the miracles of other prophets, which were confined to being witnessed in their own lifetimes.What are the 5 elements of justice? ›
- Access. Access to resources is a fundamental principle of social justice. ...
- Equity. It's easy to confuse the terms 'equity' and 'equality,' but those things which are equitable are not always equal. ...
- Diversity. ...
- Participation. ...
- Human Rights.
Why Justice? Justice, quite simply, forms the foundation of a civilised society. Societies without just laws tend to be harsh and intolerant, often leading to conflict. We hold up the rule of law and the ideal of justice as being blind to social status, wealth or anything else.What is justice and its importance? ›
Justice means giving each person what he or she deserves or, in more traditional terms, giving each person his or her due. Justice and fairness are closely related terms that are often today used interchangeably. There have, however, also been more distinct understandings of the two terms.
Justice is derived from a Latin word "jus" meaning right or law. It therefore follows that a just person obeys the law (lawful) and does what is right (morally, ethically). Synonymously, Justice means fairness, that is giving to persons what is due to them. 1.What are the three definitions of justice? ›
- the quality of being just; righteousness, equitableness, or moral rightness: to uphold the justice of a cause.
- rightfulness or lawfulness, as of a claim or title; justness of ground or reason: to complain with justice.
- the moral principle determining just conduct.
Procedural justice speaks to four principles, often referred to as the four pillars: 1) being fair in processes, 2) being transparent in actions, 3) providing opportunity for voice, and 4) being impartial in decision making.What is justice quotes? ›
Top 5 Best Justice Quotes:
"If it were not for injustice, man would not know justice." "It is a denial of justice not to stretch out a helping hand to the fallen; that is the common right of humanity." "Blessed are they who maintain justice, who constantly do what is right."
Justice, for many people, refers to fairness. But while justice is important to almost everyone, it means different things to different groups. For instance, social justice is the notion that everyone deserves equal economic, political, and social opportunities irrespective of race, gender, or religion.What is a good sentence for justice? ›
She is a justice of the state supreme court. I saw no justice in the court's decision. We should strive to achieve justice for all people.Why is it important that Allah is a God of justice? ›
Tawhid states that Allah is limitless and therefore if we look at the problem of evil and suffering, Tawhid reassures Muslims that there is a purpose for evil and suffering. The oneness of God is also reflected in the Ummah (human (Muslim) brotherhood) which promotes equality and justice for all.How do Muslims pray for justice? ›
Our Lord, hear the supplications of all who call to You in oppression, sorrow and affliction. O' God our sustainer, make your presence known to those who have turned away from You and do not seek Your guidance. Help us be Your instruments to establish peace and justice for all. Hear us Allah and have mercy on us.What is restorative justice in Islam? ›
restorative justice, Islam places particular emphasis on forgiveness as a value, thus limiting the cycle of retribution and retaliation detrimental to society. Islam considers forgiveness as a great virtue that brings forth gratitude, heals.What is true justice to God? ›
True Justice is the Lord's
Do not take revenge, my dear friends, but leave room for God's wrath, for it is written: “It is mine to avenge; I will repay,” says the Lord. - Romans 12:19. Pursuing justice does not mean enacting revenge. We know that God is the only true judge of hearts and actions.
From a scriptural point of view, justice means loving our neighbor as we love ourselves and is rooted in the character and nature of God. As God is just and loving, so we are called to do justice and live in love.Who is the prophet of justice? ›
|Major works||Book of Amos|
- Shirk (reverence due Allah directed toward those other than Allah);
- Committing murder (taking away someone's life);
- Consuming the property of an orphan placed in one's care.
- Leaving off the five daily prayers (Salah)
- Not paying the minimum amount of Zakat when the person is required to do so;
٥٤ It is Allah Who created you in a state of weakness, then developed ˹your˺ weakness into strength, then developed ˹your˺ strength into weakness and old age. He creates whatever He wills. For He is the All-Knowing, Most Capable.What Quran says about worry? ›
The Quran says: “Verily We have created man into toil and struggle.” Definitely, Man is created to struggle always, he is always anxious for something else, he is never satisfied with what he gets. It is the nature of man to be consumed with anxiety and no human being is ever free from worries and anxiety.What is Surah 109 Quran? ›
Al-Kāfirūn (Arabic: الكافرون, "The Unbelievers") is the name of the 109th chapter (sūrah) of the Quran. It has six ayat or verses as follows: Sura 109 of the Quran. ٱلكَافِرُون Al-Kāfirūn.What do you say to Allah to protect you? ›
Dua for protection against calamities
"O Allah protect me from my front, behind me, from my right and my left, and from above me, and I seek refuge in Your Magnificence from being taken unaware from beneath me."
Surat Al-A'lā is among the most recited suras in the Jummah and Witr prayers.What is the ultimate message of Islam? ›
Monotheism (Tawhid ): The main message of Islam is monotheism. Belief in monotheism is the cornerstone of the Islamic faith. Muslims believe that all the Prophets sent by God to humanity shared the same central message, and that was the message of monotheism.What is the prime message of Islam? ›
The prime message of Islam is the Unity of God, that the Creator of the world is One and He alone is worthy of worship and that Muhammad (peace and blessings on him) is His Messenger and Servant.
They include kindness (to people and animals), charity, forgiveness, honesty, patience, justice, respecting parents and elders, keeping promises, and controlling one's anger, love of God and those God loves, love of his messenger (Muhammad) and of believers.What does Islam say about social justice? ›
Thus social justice (which is also referred to as economic justice or distributive justice) according to Islamic conception includes three things, namely : (1) fair and equitable distribution of wealth, (2) provision of basic necessities of life to the poor and the needy, and (3) protection of the weak against economic ...What does Islam believe about social justice? ›
Islam teaches that men and women are equal before God. Education is a form of property acquisition because when you are educated you are exposed to issues of knowing your rights. The Qur'an and Hadiths of the Prophet both obligate Muslim men and women to acquire knowledge and education. It is a duty for every Muslim.What does fairness and justice mean in Islam? ›
According to several contemporary Muslim philosophers, fairness means “to. pass judgment without any sense of self-centeredness and/or egocentrism/self- partiality, without taking interest in one's own loss or benefit.”What are the three foundations of social justice in Islam? ›
From the divine point of view, Syed Qutb(2000) stated that the foundations of social justice in Islam are of three elements: 1) freedom of conscience 2) equality of human beings and 3) mutual responsibility in society.What are some examples of Holy Prophet justice? ›
Some acts of justice, from this perspective, are praying, sleeping, removing a dangerous item from a walkway, brushing your teeth, reciting the Qur'an, smiling, helping out at the local soup kitchen, expressing love for your spouse, or reading a (good) book.